Caper (Capparis spinosa)

The Caper Bush (Capparis spinosa), also known as the Flinders Rose, is a perennial plant that is well-known for its edible flower buds and fruits. This plant, which is native to the Mediterranean region, has a rich history and a wide range of uses, making it a fascinating subject of study.


The Caper Bush is a many-branched shrub with rounded, fleshy leaves and large white to pinkish-white flowers. It is a xerophytic plant, meaning it is adapted to survive in dry environments. The bush can grow up to 2 meters high, but often grows in a more spread-out, low-lying manner, reaching widths of 2 to 4 meters.

The leaves of the Caper Bush are simple, alternate, and have a somewhat fleshy, leathery texture. They are egg-shaped or round, and can be up to 7.5 centimeters in size. The plant’s flowers are delicate, fragrant, and usually white, with four sepals and four petals.

Range and Habitat

The Caper Bush is native to almost all the circum-Mediterranean countries, the Arabian Peninsula, and parts of Western and Central Asia. In southern Europe, it is found from sea level up to 1300 meters elevation. It has a dense root system and is quite long-lived, with a lifespan of around 30 to 50 years.

Culinary Uses

The most well-known products of the Caper Bush are its edible flower buds, known as capers, and its fruit, known as caper berries. Both are usually consumed salted or pickled. Capers have been used since antiquity as a piquant culinary ingredient. They are often used in Mediterranean cuisine, adding a distinctive tangy flavour to dishes.

Pasta with Garlic Butter Caper Sauce This is a light and flavorful 20-minute gluten-free supper. The ingredients include Gluten-Free Spaghetti, Butter, Garlic Cloves, White Wine, Chicken Broth, Capers, and Lemon juice.

Salmon with Capers This recipe involves Salmon Fillets, Olive Oil, Kosher Salt, Black Pepper, Lemon slices, Thyme Sprigs, Salted Butter, Jarred Capers, Garlic Clove, and Italian Parsley. It’s a classic recipe that brings out the tangy flavor of capers.

Chicken Piccata with Capers This Italian dish is sure to please your entire family. It includes Boneless Chicken Breast Halves, All-Purpose Flour, Butter, Olive Oil, White Wine, Fresh Lemon Juice, Capers, Fresh Garlic, Salt, Black Pepper, Spaghetti, and Fresh Flat-Leaf Parsley.

    Other Uses

    Beyond their culinary use, capers and caper berries have also been used in the manufacture of medicines and cosmetics. Historically, they were also considered to have medicinal properties and were used as an aphrodisiac.


    The Caper Bush is a remarkable plant with a wide range of uses. Its ability to thrive in harsh, dry conditions, combined with its culinary and medicinal applications, make it a truly fascinating subject. Whether you’re a botanist, a chef, or simply a lover of nature, there’s no denying the allure of the Caper Bush.